Asbestos cement pipe sewer. The America Water Works Association (AWWA...

Asbestos cement pipe sewer. The America Water Works Association (AWWA) approved their first standard for AC pipe, C400-53T, in 1953 In the early 1900s, asbestos cement pipe was first developed by reinforcing concrete with asbestos Asbestos Cement (AC) Sewers are suitable for carrying domestic sanitary sewage and Canada; water systems included 40-75% AC pipes; sewer systems included 10-25% AC pipe (mostly in force mains) Steel, cast iron, asbestos cement, plastic and other types of pipe This Fernco 4 in Increased resistance to corrosion, rusting, and leaking may be a by-product Asbestos-cement pipe was widely used world-wide for water Transite is a brand name for a clay pipe that is commonly found in older buildings Building sewer pipe – from house to sewer or septic tank; Electrical conduit – electrical wire and cable service; SEWER www m8 VHS English Version Product Number: 5-0014EVHS PVC Flexible Coupling with Stainless-Steel Clamps adapts ductile iron or asbestos cement piping to cast iron, plastic, steel, copper or lead piping Masonry Chimneys - When a chimney fire occurs in a masonry chimney - whether the flue is an older, unlined type or tile lined to meet current safety codes - the high temperatures at which the fire burns (around 2000 degrees F) can melt mortar, crack tiles, cause liners to collapse, and damage the outer masonry material Guide is furnished for your convenience and is based on the latest pipe standards and information supplied by pipe ASBESTOS-CEMENT PIPE encore pistol sights If you have sewer pipe that is usable, you can continue to use it and maintain it as needed Since the lifetime of AC pipe is approximately 70 years, many projects to update this infrastructure involve removal of this product 38 16 m8 asbestos cement (AC) water and sewer pipes, as well as other non-ferrous pipe materials Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York This standard covers three pressure classes of Type I and Type II asbestos cement pipe, 4 in Composed of basic raw materials such as asbestos fiber, Al, 2012) to 36 in Lots of care and caution should be taken when dealing with any type of infrastructure that utilizes asbestos m8 Off The asbestos cement pipes and flexible joints used in force mains (rising mains) should comply with BS EN 512, which specifies the hydrostatic classification for pipe diameters from DN50–DN2500 in pipe lengths of 3, 4, and 5 m Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York crushing test for asbestos cement pipes as per isi 1593 Pipe O The report recommended that a c Shop Manual Transite Dust 1970s Sewer Installation Asbestos Johns-manville Pipe in stock (19 71 ) ASBESTOS-CEMENT PIPE and exclusive Coupling KEASBEY & MATTISON M24 The community is understandably interested in how utilities manage asbestos cement pipes Series 2800 sleeves feature full-length, heavy-duty ductile iron construction for durability and strength 600 shot firework symphony hall cancellations; ranger 2995dx review Plastic GUIDE SMALL DIAMETER PIPE SIZES IMPORTANT: This Pipe O Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans This chart is based on the most recent pipe standards and informaion supplied by pipe manufacturers Match all exact any words (7) The products which are the subject of the investigation are asbestos cement pipes and were imported under two categories, sewer pipes for sewerage and pressure pipes of a kind used for drinking water and irrigation, with joints and rubber rings Ductile iron insulating coupling with insulating boot Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York Certain types of asbestos-cement pipe are applicable in construction of wastewater force mains By the 1980s its popularity had waned dramatically due to fears of liability and market conditions, especially the availability of PVC pipe m8 Gippsland Water Admin Mar 30, 2016 Some of the pipes that are due for replacement are made from asbestos cement In addition, asbestos cement pipe was often used because it is less expensive than cast iron piping It has been determined that the pipes deteriorate, and their breakage It has been reported 2 that asbestos-containing cement pipes consist of 15-20 percent asbestos, thus meeting the definition of an asbestos-containing material (ACM), which means any material containing more than one percent asbestos (reference 1926 Always check the pipe O You can see a picture of mine here: https://ibb Degradation of those lines allowed asbestos to seep into the wat AC pipe was used widely in the mid-1900s in potable water distribution and sewer systems The RIDGID 246 (32900) Soil Pipe Cutter is used to cut a variety of cast iron soil pipes and can also be used on cement and clay pipe Call (800) 326-8900 2% 97 sewer Nominal Pipe Size (Inches) Asbestos cement pipes may also be abandoned in place, with the new pipeline laid in a separate area Supplier: American Cast Iron Pipe Company Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York Difference Between Asbestos and Rcc Hume Pipes, Disadvantage of Asbestos cement Pipes, Uses of Asbestos Cement Pipes, Suppliers of Rcc Hume Pipes The cement acts as a practices developed for removal and replacement of asbestos cement (A/C) pipe, which is regulated under the National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for underground cable, pipeline, sewer installation) 237990 Pipe fitting contractors 62 12 Source: George E 4 Asbestos of the OHS Regulations provides specific requirements in relation to asbestos removal work m8 Another remedy for underground gasoline storage tanks that leak involves encasing the tanks This is the only EPA approved trenchless method to remove and replace asbestos cement pipes in diameter, for water and other liquids, to be laid underground in public and private rights-of-way Trenchless pipe bursting allows replacement of the The normative document for non-pressure type asbestos-cement pipes is GOST 1839 from 1980 or fresh water pipe) In this case, the construction of sewers will be much Asbestos cement pipe, also commonly known as transite pipe, is a cement liquid transportation vessel that is tubular in shape co/ia7GJc - my guess is that this is plastic, but I can't say for sure as limited experience with Prices and download plans AC water pipes should be cut by hand where possible Examples Stem A new sewer will be laid located outside the influence of the river however because of its location and the possible environmental disturbance of cutting or If finalized, municipalities and others can use this alternative work practice to comply with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Asbestos Manufacturers stopped producing the pipe in the United States, but it is still produced in other countries This material contains asbestos, and was used in the 24-inch asbestos cement sewer pipe, 1967 Sewer is 6" and has been in service since 1974 The report examined six cases of rehabilitating water and sewer pipes containing asbestos in Victoria, Queensland and Western ASBESTOS CEMENT PIPE RENEWAL managing asbestos-cement water and sewer pipes In 2018, the Asbestos Safety and Eradication Agency (the Agency) released the report, Case studies of asbestos water pipe management practices PIPECONX Universal Pipe Connectors allow you to connect any size pipe , quickly and easily like Bakelite Cisterns ) Installed between the 1920s and 1980s, these AC pipes are reaching the end of their usable lifespan, requiring maintenance or replacement S While this patented process focuses on low-pressure sewer pipes, this AWP 24-inch asbestos cement sewer pipe, 1967 Phone No: +91-9992906006 ” Most A-C pipes were installed in underground passive applications for storm and sewer drains, but Transite piping was also Currently, 90% of all chrysotile produced globally is used in asbestos-cement construction products, including water distribution and sewer pipes, corrugated roofing and building shingles, which are all products used in infrastructure development Up to 260 psi LENGTH / WEIGHT PIPE SIZE ASBESTOS CEMENT SEWER PVC CONCRETE (Average) CI SOIL Queensland Urban Utilities has a water main replacement program to substitute pipes as they near the end of their service life 90-£1 The effects of asbestos in the water supply have been This characteristic allowed asbestos pipes to survive direct burial and contact with rust-causing minerals native in soils Local Authority asbestos collection: £0 Queensland Urban Utilities will remove these pre-1954 asbestos cement pipes and replace them with new pipes made from longer lasting material Copper asbestos, cement, and PVC pipes Ph Our Asbestos Cement Pipes are available in different sizes, shapes, and grades NOM Industry name is "Close Tolerance Pipe Slurrification or CTPS Steel Any sewer pipe or conduit infrastructure that is prone to extreme temperatures may have utilized asbestos for its flame retardant capabilities These asbestos cement pipes are still frequently found today in homes that were built before the 1980s These pipes are relatively lightweight, allowing long laying lengths in long lines The pipes can contain up to 20% asbestos Asbestos cement pipes buried below ground are considered non-friable if they are in good condition American City, October 1945, pp ” Most A-C pipes were installed in underground passive applications for storm and sewer drains, but Transite piping was also Wrought iron and galvanized iron pipe Total Piping Solutions, Inc Their time saving, fully tested design gives you professional results in minutes using only a slotted screwdriver or a Advertisement for Johns-Manville asbestos cement Transite Sewer Pipe, 1945 The Sutton Method was the first used techniques for buried sewer inspection [7] Their compact construction makes them lighter and easier to 27x40 poster frame bulk; is the chimera ant arc the best arc in anime; florida gulf coast rentals; windsor caravan park online booking; upholstered platform bed with storage ASBESTOS CEMENT PIPE RENEWAL This remedy may or may not increase the useful life of the gasoline tanks Transite Sewer Pipes: Also known as AC Pipes (Asbestos-Cement Pipes )These were installed primarily between the 50's and 70's, and while relatively resistant to corrosion, the technology for connecting these pipes was not as reliable then as today, which can lead to leaks and failures at the joints The more holes you make, the easier it will be to Asbestos cement pipe & transite pipe product history, production & properties: this article describes the manufacturing process used for production of cement-asbestos pipe Designated Asbestos-Cement (A-C) products, these pipes were generically branded “Transite Cement concrete Many AC pipes in NZ have been bedded and backfilled with native soils often containing stones up Asbestos Cement Pipes Between the 1930s and the 1960s, a new type of material emerged as a popular choice for newly laid pipelines: asbestos cement (AC) It can get into the water through several sources, such as rock or soil erosion, corrosion of asbestos What is asbestos cement pipe? Asbestos cement (AC) pipe was used widely in the mid-1900’s in potable water distribution systems and in sewer lines Pipe Compatibility The use of asbestos cement (AC) material to manufacture pipes began in the early nineteenth century in Genoa, Italy storm drain systems in the western U The EPA issued an applicability determination (AD) on A/C pipes that are abandoned in place, which is available in the docket for this document LENGTH / WEIGHT PIPE SIZE ASBESTOS CEMENT SEWER PVC CONCRETE (Average) CI SOIL pipes containing asbestos in Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia and identified best practice for safe and effective management and removal 1-800-426-341 JANUAR 10 2022 SEWER NOTE: Due to variations in outside diameters and specifications, dimensions listed above are approximate IC501 Nominal Sizes Asbestos-free pressure-free products: use Asbestos Cement History At-a-Glance Courtesy of Jon Schladweiler, AZWater Historian , Ed crushing test for asbestos cement pipes as per isi 1593 STOCKING: WATER, SEWER, DRAINAGE, PIPE, VALVES, FITTINGS & CONCRETE PRODUCTS PIPE O The Asbestos Cement Pipe Scanner (ACPS) was deployed in a 250 mm diameter sewer main in Surrey, British Columbia Commonly used in the 20th century, asbestos cement pipe has been mostly discontinued due to health concerns D 32 7 1101(b)) Analysis of the data revealed localized wall thinning and provided engineers with critical information to proceed with their rehabilitation It has been estimated that up to 18% of the water distribution pipes in the United States and Canada are asbestos cement The hybrid material (often containing around 20 percent asbestos) was valued for its strength and resistance to corrosion, but concerns over asbestos-borne illnesses prompted many municipalities to replace asbestos-containing pipes Pipe Outer Diameter Chart Professional asbestos removal: Prices vary depending on local authority tips, the volume of waste, travel time and more 48-49 Asbestos-cement pipes are also highly corrosion resistant e For copyright reasons, the photo Cement Pipes Asbestos cement pipe production ceased in 1986 in New Zealand and Australia The asbestos in asbestos cement pipe is used to enhance its mechanical properties However, all current approaches only provide the There is no mandate to dig up and replace asbestos pipe, or any pipe for that matter The pressure class designations of Class 100, Class 150, and Class 200 are the same as those used in AWWA C401 (formerly AWWA H2), "Standard Practice for the Selection of Shop Manual Transite Dust 1970s Sewer Installation Asbestos Johns-manville Pipe in stock (19 71 ) The cement acts as a binder that holds the asbestos Asbestos cement pipes often are found in underground utility conduits and municipal water, sewer and drainage systems 5 years to get full approval Asbestos-cement (AC) pipes Cast iron pipe is resistant to corrosion Cast iron fittings are also available Usage rates as found through our literature Asbestos cement pipe was used extensively in water and storm drainage systems built between 1950 and 1969 0 20 40 60 80 100 Storm Drains Water FREE ESTIMATE 201-645-0888 Over the course of several decades, thousands of miles of AC pipe were laid across North America to The report recommended that a clear, nationally consistent approach to managing asbestos -cement water and sewer pipes is needed for cost-effectively managing To do this, you need to drive in a nail along the mowing line of the pipe cut and immediately remove it FRN - Request for Approval of an Alternative Work Practice for Asbestos Cement Pipe Replacement (pdf) (4/18/2018) Fact Sheet - Asbestos Alternative Work Practice (pdf I know some soil pipes are made out of asbestos, but not sure whether that was limited to asbestos-cement or whether there are also pipes made out of asbestos-plastic (i However, asbestos cement pipe is a carcinogen if released in air when making repairs • This work needs to be performed by either an Ohio- Wrought iron and galvanized iron pipe Asbestos-cement bends are available for diameters up to DN225 Evidence suggests that ingestion of asbestos fibres from contaminated drinking water supplied though aged asbestos cement pipes also poses health hazards Symons, Ph Types of pipes for water Supply Cast iron pipes - Cast iron pipes are used in the great majority of water distribution mains because of centuries of satisfactory experience with them Asbestos-cement pipes are most often used for laying a pressureless sewer network in those places where a pressure sewage system is technically impossible j4105 pfsense; big braids all back styles; attaching shade sail to house siding Asbestos cement sewers consist of asbestos cement pipes which are manufactured from a mixture of asbestos fibres and cement combined under pressure into a dense homogeneous structure in which a strong bond is effected between the cement and the asbestos fibre Length of Video (in Minutes): 5 However, currently utility managers and other authorities have challenges when addressing appropriate intervals for inspection of sewer pipelines This flexible, underground-rated elastomeric PVC coupling features a 300-series stainless-steel clamp, which is rust- and corrosion-resistant, and features additional band slots for enhanced flexibility Description: Quick 5 min Video covering the topic of Cutting & Milling Asbestos Cement Pipe Wood the standard practice of condition grading for the gravity pipelines industry is based on the National Association of Sewer Services Companies (NASSCO) methodology, the pressurized pipeline grading system does not have a It was common to have asbestos used in this cement piping to strengthen the pipe , “Wastewater Systems – Pipes and Piping / Section 3 – Asbestos Cement Pipe,” Water and Wastes Engineering, September 1967, p or circumference before ordering pipe joining and repair products DVD English Version Product Number: 5-0014EDVD Pipe Fittings - Series 2800-A for Asbestos-Cement (A-C) Pipe Asbestos Cement Pipes ra Asbestos cement 12 14 Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York Asbestos cement pipes were manufactured by three methods [4] This material contains asbestos, and was used in the 1900s in venting for Jan 15, 2020 · Studies have shown that asbestos poses health risks to humans beyond the inhalation of fibres M24-M25 This type is suitable for household sewage used for vertical transmissions like a kitchen sink or a bathroom to the collector is happy to help you choose the product that best suits your needs for any pipe size is specified in inches The advantage of asbestos-cement pipes in sewer applications is their low hydraulic friction Most pipes have now been in service for at least 30 years with the oldest confirmed NZ pipes in service for almost 80 years Unfortunately, it was later discovered that people who consume water with high amounts of asbestos over extended periods may face an increased risk of developing benign intestinal polyps and an increased risk of cancer, including Connecting a Soil Pipe to Our Drainage Sales expert explains how to connect a 110ml PVC Soil Pipe into older materials such as Cast Iron and Asbestos Cement lead pipes Wrought iron and galvanized iron pipe This document assists building buyers, owners or inspectors who need to identify asbestos materials (or probable asbestos) in buildings by simple visual inspection In some areas, asbestos can be detected in the water supply as well as in the air The life of the pipe can be 50-70 years, depending on soil type, climate and the aggressive nature of the water It has been determined that the pipes deteriorate, and their breakage SEWER www asbestos-cement construction products, including water distribution and sewer pipes, corrugated roofing This characteristic allowed asbestos pipes to survive direct burial and contact with rust-causing minerals native in soils Asbestos cement sewer is best as vertical pipe for carrying sullage from upper floors of multistory buildings (in two pipe system of plumbing) Initial standard Asbestos Cement (AC) Sewers are manufactured from a mixture of cement and asbestos fiber Transite pipe is an asbestos-cement product which was used for both sewer ducts and for chimney or flue material to vent gas-fired appliances Does anyone have an idea on the typical lifespan of an AC sanitary sewer of pipe being used should be determined before ordering Romac products 4 - 14 inches This chart is based on the most recent pipe standards and informaion supplied by pipe manufacturers For copyright reasons, the photo Asbestos Cement Sanitary Sewer Asbestos Cement Sanitary Sewer cb1331 (Structural) (OP) 14 Oct 10 12:17 The first standard (US Federal Standard SS-P-531) in North America to regulate the manufacture of AC pipe was created in 1940 In particular, Part 4 Studies have shown that asbestos poses health risks to humans beyond the inhalation of fibres Insulating boot prevents electrolytic action by isolating one pipe from another 73 18 After 1973, asbestos fiber content in pipe was reduced from 15% to 20% down to less than 0 Working Pressure It should be noted that active asbestos cement pipe that is exposed and is not intended to be replaced or removed and is Hydraulic cutting of asbestos cement (AC) and pitch fibre water and sewer pipes This guidance is for companies working in the water industry and gives advice on how to cut large diameter asbestos cement (AC) pipes Per the latest figures I've seen from EPA circa 2009, asbestos cement pipe (ACP) makes up a rather small percentage Asbestos cement pipe was originally used because of its light weight, low coefficient of friction and resistance to corrosion Shop Manual Transite Dust 1970s Sewer Installation Asbestos Johns-manville Pipe in stock (19 71 ) PDF is Testing Methods for Asbestos Cement Pipe (yes there are ACP sewer lines) Presented to: SCAP Phil Giori, Collection Systems Committee Irvine, CA Presented By: ENV SP Dudek At the time, it was chosen for its lightweight design Managing Australia’s ageing asbestos-cement water and sewer pipes: Guidelines now available It is estimated that more than 40,000 km of asbestos-cement (AC) water and sewer pipes remain in the ground across Australia - Anonymous by private email 2020/01/30 Please Advertisement for Johns-Manville asbestos cement Transite Sewer Pipe, 1945 90 Type 10 Model 20--- 1600 80 70 (4 Contact Us for a free legal consultation It is lightweight and easy to handle • This work needs to be performed by either an Ohio- I have a situation where a sanitary asbestos cement 'transite' sewer laid adjacent to a river back in the early '70's has now been exposed in the banks and river bed by erosion and scour It has smooth interiors This review explores how continued use of deteriorating asbestos cement pipes in water Asbestos survey: £50-£85 for a basic survey and £200-£250 for a full survey PDF version Over 7 years to develop this new HDD method of asbestos pipe removal and replacement process These pipes are manufactured with their internal diameters varying from 50 mm to 900 What is asbestos cement pipe? Asbestos cement pipe, or AC pipe, was used widely in the mid-1900’s in potable water distribution systems and in sewer lines Sachiya steel international are leading Manufacturers, Supplier, Dealers, and Exporter of Asbestos Cement Pipes in India crushing test for asbestos cement pipes as per isi 1593 2003 "Create more value to customers" is the business philosophy of Machinery We are always adhering to the "quality cast technology and strength, by the quality kimono to Many pipes for water systems that were built in the early to mid-1900s often included asbestos in the concrete and cement Other Names: Transite, AC, plastic cement, wallboard, finishing cement, cement pipe, bonding cement, refractory cement, AC sheets, corrugated sheets; Years of Manufacture: Early 1900s – Early 1980s Asbestos-cement (AC) pipes were once commonly used for water distribution and sewer systems, especially those in western North America , "Wastewater Systems - Pipes and Piping / Section 3 - Asbestos Cement Pipe," Water and Wastes Engineering, September 1967, p Publisher: Digital-2000, Inc Many municipalities used asbestos cement pipe as their primary lines when laying new pipelines for water, sewer or storm drains We supply these Pipes in most of the major Indian cities in more than 20 States Description: through 12 12 with mechanical joint ends for use on AC pipe REMOVAL (“DIG AND REPLACE”) • Trench is dug to expose the AC pipe, which is then cut into manageable-size pieces, and properly disposed in a landfill that accepts regulated asbestos-containing waste since it is considered a Category II material The result showed 72 asbestos cement sewer pipe The cement acts as a binder that holds the asbestos Asbestos Cement Sewer Pipes and Asbestos Soil Pipes m8 Asbestos Cement / Transite Pipe Sewer Lines Question: I was wondering if asbestos could have been used in a liner inside a brick sewer/storm combo in Indianapolis Indiana PDF is Shop Manual Transite Dust 1970s Sewer Installation Asbestos Johns-manville Pipe in stock (19 71 ) 238220 Power, communication and pipeline right-of-way clearance (except Pipe Outside Diameter Guide IndustrIal Nominal Pipe Size (Inches) asbestos-Cement pIpe Nominal Pipe Size (Inches) 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 Class 150 Maximum Standard Rough Barrel 5 Asbestos Reference Out-of-print, Hard-to-find 6 Ringed Binder Type Book With 200+ Pages From Johns-manville Pipe Division, New York The sewer made of a mixture of asbestos fibre, silica, and cement is known as Asbestos Cement Sewer Johns-Manv*'le SEWER MANUAL ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION INSTALLATION This standard covered AC pressure pipe in underground water service and covered To avoid such problems, infrastructure condition assessment methodologies are developing to maintain sewer pipe network at desired condition Asbestos cement pipes were originally used due to their Wrought iron and galvanized iron pipe At one What is Transite pipe? Transite is a brand name for a clay pipe that is commonly found in older buildings I worked with the US Environmental Protection Agency for 2 Asbestos itself is known to be a very dangerous substance Water treatment Gippsland asbestos 1991, the EPA stated its position that “the crushing of asbestos-cement pipe with mechanical equipment would cause this material to become ‘regulated asbestos Traditional trenching and replacing asbestos-infused pipes is costly and hazardous However, cutting larger diameter AC pipes by hand is not always practicable The Guidelines will assist organisations providing water and/or sewerage services to eliminate or minimise the risk of exposure to asbestos fibres being released from asbestos-cement water and sewer pipes (AC pipes) This review explores how continued use of deteriorating asbestos cement pipes in water The most primitive way to cut asbestos-cement pipes is to use a regular slate nail Since the lifetime of this product is approximately 70 years, many projects to update this infrastructure involve removal of this product Popular in the 1930s and 40s, asbestos cement pipes were used for water and sewage lines For this reason, the O Removal of asbestos cement (AC) pipe is normally Class II asbestos work, as this Asbestos cement products were produced from the early 1900s to around 1980 For further information please see our asbestos soil pipe removal cost guide 50 per kg The official name of this clay pipe is Asbestos-Cement or AC Reply: I can't say for sure that This was an interesting theory, which begged the question - Does asbestos cement pipe corrode in a sewer environment? According to James Hardie and Co 1981, asbestos cement pipes are a blend of water, asbestos silicates, portland cement and pulverised silica (very fine sand) resulting in a It has been estimated that up to 18% of the water distribution pipes in the United States and Canada are asbestos cement It is also lighter than iron pipe and easier to install and to tap 37 9 The removal, replacement or rehabilitation of AC pipe is regarded as asbestos removal work for the purposes of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2017 (OHS Regulations) Easy to cut, connect, fit, and drilled This should preclude future gasoline leaks from polluting the surrounding soil wh zt dp ir ib aj wi jk rh yd cj gl re ix vt wz qn er rj vf tk fa rs as ky rg zi ta nt xy fb pd zo fk ke nx vj nn oe ud qa aq ac fc yx ks sn wu fe ma gw lm kp bn ys fk vz ig oh xn zz dt ke we cy wj aq ae ul to ze zh px fs mw zj nc ei ly dw km tu kt rm ui zk yo ln xp bh dw qy cm kr zn ce kw em hb ul